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Natural and Applied Sciences Undergraduate Courses

Science and technology are driving the "innovation economy" of the future. Courses in the Department of Natural and Applied Sciences at Bentley, including psychology, focus on the interests of business students, enabling them to apply knowledge of scientific principles, methods, and recent discoveries to their personal and professional lives. All courses offered by the Natural Sciences Department may be used as Arts and Sciences or unrestricted electives. All 300 and 400 level courses satisfy the Mathematics/Natural Sciences elective requirement.

NASC100 Astronomy: Solar System

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

The astronomer's role has changed drastically during the past two millenia, from analyzing the motions of the planets, to theorizing about Earth's place in the universe, to directly observing and analyzing astronomical objects with telescopes and space probes. Using a variety of approaches, studenst will examine the tools and methods of the astronomer, and apply them in fully surveying solar system objects. Students will gain insight into the role of modern astronomy, through both telescopes and NASA, in both the scientific world and in areas of business. The Earth's atmosphere, interior, climactic, and 21st-century environmental issues facing our planet will also be covered, as well as how studying other planets provides key insights to better understanding the Earth.

NASC101 Astronomy: Stars and Universe

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

While most students are somewhat familiar with the inhabitants of the solar system – planets, moons, and comets – very little attention is given to the subject of the stars in the pre-collegiate curriculum. This course introduces the student to a subject that makes up more than two-thirds of the effort of the observational and the theoretical astronomer. It stresses not descriptive detail, but the "detective" aspect of the science: the how, why and what for, and the application of various discoveries to extract further understanding. In addition, astronomy beyond the solar system provides the scientist with a laboratory for energetic phenomena that cannot be reproduced on Earth and can tell us about the ultimate nature of matter both at the subatomic and at the cosmic levels.

NASC110 Human Biology

Note: Satisfies the four-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

This course introduces students to the essential mechanisms of human biology and their applications. The course builds an understanding of how complex human systems represent consequences of the genes comprising the human genome and their expression, the functions of biological pathways, and the electrochemical properties of cells. An understanding of these mechanisms on a molecular level is applied to explore mechanisms of health and disease, recent scientific discoveries, the development of biopharmaceutical products, and controversies in biomedicine. The emphasis on this course is on the understanding of the broad applicability of basic biological mechanisms to issues of personal, temporal or business interest.

NASC111 Green Biology: Ecological and Botanical Connections

Note: Satisfies 4-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

Ecological and botanical examples and models will provide connections to basic concepts of biology. These concepts will be investigated through lectures, field trips, laboratory exercises, demonstrations, computer simulations, and Internet resources. For example, cell structure and function and resulting tissues will be related to sources of economically important botanical products and primary productivity in ecosystems. Natural selection and genetic inheritance will be applied to plant breeding, conservation of genetic diversity, and management of natural and human-made ecosystems. Topics related to the study of human populations will include population growth rates, complete nutrition from botanical sources, spread of disease, and environmental impacts. Throughout the course an understanding of the evolutionary implications of past environments, species interactions and human activities will be emphasized.

NASC112 Evolution, Human Genetics and Behavior

Note: This is an Honors-only course.

In this interactive honors seminar, students critically analyze in papers and student-led class discussions readings from a wide variety of sources not normally used in traditional science classes. In readings about the Salem witch trials, satanic cults, recovered memories of abuse, UFOs, and the FDA drug approval process, students examine the scientific process. Students will critically debate the application of evolutionary thinking to modern problems in evolutionary psychology and behavioral genetics: Is there an evolutionary explanation for rape? Is there a gay gene? Each student will be responsible for collaboratively teaching one seminar focused on one gene or group of genes on one chromosome as a means to understand a basic concept of human genetics, including its potential application to a wide range of other topics.

NASC116 Elements of Living Systems

This course introduces students to the basic structure and function of biologically important molecules. Students will learn the relationship of how the type of bonding and structure of a molecule dictates its interaction with its surrounding environment, with a particular focus on human systems. Through close examination of metabolic reactions, students will study the underlining thermodynamics that governs the behavior of systems. Finally, students will learn how these fundamental chemical concepts are translated into innovative products and processes in the fields of biomaterials and biotechnology. Additionally, the course involves hands-on laboratory-based scientific research. During the first half of the lab section, students will be trained in techniques for conducting modern-day research. In the second portion of the lab, students will work in groups to design their own experiments, collect data, and present their findings in a formal scientific presentation.

NASC121 Chemistry of Sustainable Products

Note: Satisfies four-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

Sustainable chemistry raises awareness of the fundamental processes behind the things we buy and how to create safer and healthier products. The course contains interactive lectures, an integrated research experience, and fun laboratory experiments that enable students to learn about innovations in chemistry and experience them directly. The course is designed to help students describe and understand how and why molecules interact and how these interactions ultimately dictate the molecules utility and toxicity. Students will explore how molecules translate their properties into materials and how these materials ultimately impact consumer product performance and the health of the people using and producing them. Finally, sustainable product design methodologies will be presented as a mechanism to protect and proliferate the prosperity of people, the economy, and our environment.

NASC122 Environmental Chemistry

Note: Satisfies four-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

This course explores the nature of environmental problems through chemistry. Students examine the movement and change of matter in order to understand the relationships among air pollution, water pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, climate change and energy production. In the laboratory, students conduct analyses of air and water samples, and produce alternative fuels like ethanol and biodiesel.

NASC130 Principles of Geology

Note: Satisfies four-credit Natural Sciences requirement.

This course Introduces the basic principles of geology and the societal relevance of the discipline through classroom discussions and laboratory activities. Exploration centers on the process of scientific inquiry, building around systems of plate tectonics and the rock cycle, followed by an examination of Earth's surficial processes, including the role of water, ice, wind and gravity in breaking down, transporting and depositing Earth materials. Specific topics include the origins and classification of rocks and minerals, earthquakes, volcanoes, geologic time, rivers, glaciers and coastal processes. Throughout the course, students relate Earth processes and materials to human concerns, such as natural hazards, environmental degradation and economic resources.

NASC140 Energy and The Environment

Note: Formerly Environmental Physics.

Earth is a dynamic planet. The changes that occur, regardless of duration, magnitude or location, are the direct result of energy transformations and transfers, both internal and external to Earth. Some of those changes are natural, while others are human-induced. As science and technology evolve, we develop a deeper understanding of Earth processes and become more capable of developing innovative solutions to current problems. This course presents ways in which the field of physics allows us to model and understand Earth as a series of interconnected systems.

NASC150 Environmental Science and Sustainability

This course is an introduction to environmental sciences, highlighting issues in environmental and ecological sustainability. This lab-based course places a strong emphasis on understanding how humans are linked to the environment, how humans can modify their interactions with the environment, how humans can learn from past and current environmental issues to address environmental issues of the future, and how environmentally sustainable business practices can help enact positive environmental change. Topics addressed in this course cover a wide-range of major environmental issues, current affairs, and environmental solutions including human population growth and global climate change, marine plastics, biodiversity loss, ecosystem valuation, and understanding the environmental benefit of the triple bottom line. The course is structured through a series of in-class lectures and immersive class activities, laboratory exercises, and is heavily geared towards conducting outdoor research.

NASE301 Planetary Exploration in the Space Age

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement

This course carefully examines our successful interplanetary space missions, which image planets and their systems, measure their astronomical characteristics, and establish their histories and evolution. A key theme in these investigations is a detailed study of the Earth, in order to perform "comparative planetology" with other planets. Various themes in this comparison approach include planetary formation, temperature and environment, atmosphere and greenhouse effects, terrestrial evolution and sustainability, magnetic fields, and planetary mass consequences. The most recent NASA missions, including those to Mars, Jupiter and Saturn, will be covered in great detail. Topics include their technologies, flight paths, scientific goals and results, and key business aspects relating to their funding, construction and operation.

NASE303 Life in the Universe

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

To better understand where we should search for life beyond Earth, we must first establish the key astronomical characteristics which support Earth’s sustained habitability. This quest continues by studying Venus and Mars, the two planets near the Sun’s “habitable zone,” as well as several potentially habitable Jovian satellites, using information provided by NASA space probes. Beyond the solar system, stellar and planetary characteristics will be used to evaluate which types of stars might host Earth-like planets, and which of those planets could possibly support life. Incorporating other astronomical, biological, and philosophical concepts, we develop the “Drake Equation” to estimate the potential number of current, intelligent and communicative civilizations that may exist in the galaxy right now. We will also examine newly discovered exoplanets, and discuss methods that have been used in attempting to detect signals from extraterrestrial civilizations.

NASE305 U.S. Space Program: Going Beyond

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, better known as NASA, has made substantial contributions to our world, many of which are not known, recognized, understood or fully appreciated by the general public. This course is designed to introduce students to the full scope of the U.S. space program by presenting NASA's organizational structure, strategic plan and exploration policy, by focusing on its current and future projects in various fields of astronomical research, robotic and human exploration, and by carefully examining its many achievements that impact society on a daily basis, at the intersection of science, technology and business.

NASE308 Health of Nations: Anatomy and Function of Health Systems in the United States and Around the World

Good health systems contribute to the prosperity of nations. The U.S. stands nearly alone among developed nations in not providing universal health care to its citizens. Although no system is perfect, more than 35 countries rated higher in quality, equity and efficiency than the U.S. according to a World Health Organization assessment conducted in 2001. Yet Americans pay far more per capita for healthcare than citizens of any other country. What factors account for this disparity? This course will examine how health care is currently delivered in the U.S., how this differs from other countries, and what we might learn from other countries about improving our system. Thus, we will compare the strengths and weaknesses of the present U.S. healthcare system to the healthcare experiences of selected countries around the world toward learning what works in other places, and what might or might not be applicable here as we move closer to reform.

NASE309 The Science and Business of Biotechnology

Prerequisite(s): GB 112.

Note: May be used as an FI, MG or MK elective with department chairperson's approval, or as an MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course integrates science and business in studying all aspects of the current "biotechnology revolution." Using the case study method, the formation, organization, production, financing and marketing of biotech companies, as well as the selling of biotech products are examined. In addition to lectures, case discussions, guest speakers and a field trip to a local biomanufacturing facility, students will be responsible for one short presentation on a biotechnology company as well as for researching and writing their own due diligence analysis report analyzing one specific marketplace. The potential long-range medical, economic, legal and ethical implications of applying this science are also examined.

NASE311 Ecology: Principles and Applications

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course introduces the principles of ecology that are relevant to environmental science, including variation in the environment, energy flow, biogeochemical cycling, productivity, population growth and regulation, and interactions between organisms and their environment. The evolutionary nature of species interactions and its implications for conservation biology will be explained. The course will include study and discussion of environmental problems confronting the world, field trips to local environments, exercises designed to teach ecological concepts, and writing assignments, particularly a paper on the application of ecological principles to a current environmental issue. The course will prepare the student to function as an ecologically aware citizen and to appreciate the natural environment more.

NASE313 Human Nutrition: From Science to Life

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Every day we are bombarded with information about diet and health, often confusing and contradictory. As consumers, it is difficult to separate fact from fad, truth from fiction. This science course covers the fundamental principles of nutrition science and its application to personal fitness. The course will provide a foundation in introductory nutrition, including basic anatomy and physiology of the digestive tract, macro and micronutrients, and the development of disease. Emphasis is placed on acquiring both scientific and practical knowledge of the essentials of nutrition with the goal of learning to think critically about nutrition issues as lifelong consumers.

NASE314 Coastal Biology of Cape Cod

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement. There is an additional fee associated with this class.

This is a field-oriented course investigating various ecosystems of Cape Cod, focusing on the variety and types of organisms found in each area and their interrelationships with their natural surroundings. The ecosystems to be studied in this one-week intensive course on Cape Cod include sandy beaches and dunes, salt marshes, estuaries, rocky intertidal habitats, saltwater and freshwater ponds, and a rare Atlantic White Cedar swamp.

NASE315 Human Health and Disease in Today's World

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course examines human health and disease from the structure and function of the human body to its interaction with the environment. The genetic, physiological and behavioral factors that influence the physical and mental well-being of individuals is explored on all levels, including molecules, cells, organs, individuals and communities. Risk factors such as diet, sexuality, occupation, tobacco, alcohol and drugs are similarly evaluated, with an emphasis on behavioral changes that optimize personal health or help manage adverse conditions. Modern challenges such as emerging diseases, pandemic flu and bioterrorism and their potential impact on students' lives are discussed. The healthcare system, from research and development, healthcare markets, access to insurance, and alternative and complementary medicines are presented with the goal of helping students become more discerning consumers.

NASE316 Biology of Mind

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This seminar explores the evolutionary origins and structures of mind, brain and consciousness. Students will critically review recent studies from diverse disciplines, including evolutionary biology and psychology, physical anthropology, the brain and cognitive sciences, and neurology, as well as examine the questions raised by philosophy of mind. The biology underlying perception, emotions, language, memory, learning and consciousness will be studied though both readings and laboratory exercises.

NASE317 Economic Botany

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Human survival is dependent on plants because the vast majority of our basic resources for food, beverage, fuel, clothing, shelter, medicine and decoration are derived from botanical sources. This course discusses basic plant structure and function as it relates to economically important products; agriculture from its earliest beginnings to promising plants of the future; and the importance of plant breeding, propagation and conservation to modern economy. Examples of plants and plant products used around the world will be illustrated through the use of fresh material, purchased products, videos, slides, internet links, and visits to appropriate businesses. Each student will choose a botanical industry to visit and will prepare a "fact book" of relevant materials.

NASE318 Global Health Challenges

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or A&S elective requirement

The forces of environmental, social and political change are expected to intensify in the decades to come. The reverberations of these inevitable changes will impact not only the magnitude of domestic and global health threats, but also their specific nature. Citizens and health systems must be prepared to deal with public health risks and consequences that they have never had to face before. Yet, as these challenges intensify, healthcare technologies are providing new tools for protecting human health. The balance between these evolving risks and our ability to deal with them will be critical in determining our future quality of life. This course will investigate public health from a community-based, global perspective, looking at health issues beyond our shores as well as the unwelcome risks and intrusions that global phenomena introduce into our lives at home.

NASE319 Human Inheritance

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course introduces students to the basic principles of human inheritance and modern genetics, and the practical applications of this science in understanding one's own characteristics, health, disease risk, and even behaviors. Recent advances in genetics have revolutionized our understanding of human biology as well as many aspects of everyday life including insurance, reproduction and medicine. This course challenges students to examine the personal, medical, social, legal and ethical dilemmas arising from an understanding of human genetics and the human genome.

NASE320 Bugs in the System

Note: Offered once per academic year in the fall or summer.

Insects may be small, but they ubiquitous and abundant, and as such exert enormous impacts, both positive and negative on all aspects of human livelihood. They consume and destroy crops and stored food, degrade real estate and claim more lives per year than all wars and natural disasters combined. This course will examine in detail the economic importance of insects in all aspects of human endeavor, both in the harm they cause and the many ways they benefit people. Starting with an introduction to the unique biology of these organisms, we examine their role in natural cycles as well as their various impacts on human affairs including health, agriculture, forestry and as natural resources for important materials and food products. Taking advantage of double block sessions, this course will include field excursions and exercises at several sites within walking distance of the Bentley campus and each week will integrate lectures with interactive laboratory sessions.

NASE321 Food and Food Additives

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course introduces students to the food groups, food supplements, food additives, nutrition labeling, and portion sizes though lecture and laboratory activities. The chemical structures of fats, carbohydrates and proteins will be compared. In the laboratory, students will measure the sugar or salt content of different products, such as fruit juices or sports drinks, and the results will be compared with recommended USDA values. Students will also keep personal food and activity journals to analyze their eating habits and exercise patterns. The course goal is to create more informed consumers who can make nutritional decisions through an understanding of the foods they eat. Terms such as "natural," "processed," "low fat" or "fat free" will be defined and some taste testing will be done. Students will select a topic for in-depth exploration and present the project to the class.

NASE328 Water Quality

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

All of us should be concerned about the quality and cost of our drinking water. Many wars political and physical have historically concerned the use and misuse of drinking water. Drinking water is the focus of this course and examines the sources, delivery, and treatment received as water is delivered to us as well as the treatment and disposal of wastewater. This course has a lab oriented project where students select a topic and do specific chemical analysis on their samples and compare them with EPA guidelines. Common water pollutants such as bacteria, heavy metals, pesticides, and fertilizers are described and many tested for in lab activities. Samples from such places as Bentley Pond, the Charles River, and Walden Pond are collected and purified through accepted treatment method to see if it can be made "drinkable." Water softeners and other in home filtration methods are examined. Student projects include a lab component, a written paper and an oral presentation.

NASE334 Coastal Geology of Cape Cod

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement. There is an additional fee associated with this class.

This is a one-week field-based course that studies the geologic origins, coastal processes, environmental systems, and human impacts on Cape Cod. Through field observations, measurements, data collection and analysis, students will learn about the dynamic coastal landscape and the geologic processes that formed and continually alter the coastline. Participants will study the beaches, seacliffs, coastal wetlands and environmental geology at various locations on the Cape, and compare the dynamic coastal environments along the Atlantic Seashore, Cape Cod Bay and Nantucket Sound. Students will gain an understanding of the different geologic processes, development hazards and environmental protection challenges that each location represents.

NASE335 Oceanography

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course examines chemical and physical aspects of oceans and sea water, including geologic history of ocean basins, ocean currents, waves, tides, composition of sea water, types and movement of marine sediments, natural resources that oceans provide, and human impacts, such as pollution in the coastal and deep marine environment.

NASE336 Water and the Environment

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course examines the origin, distribution and supply of water on the Earth. Topics include field measurement of runoff processes (including stream velocity, discharge and sediment load); bathymetry, temperature, oxygen, and conductivity profiles of a pond or reservoir; and snowpack volume, density and water content (in season). Laboratory exercises include drainage basin analysis and estimation of flood frequency, and magnitude from air photos and topographic maps; experimental groundwater modeling from flow tubes to test Darcy's law; and flow-net construction for prediction of groundwater pollution. Overlying case study concerns "A Civil Action," a famous water contamination court proceeding. This course is offered in both one-week intensive and semester formats.

NASE337 Global Climate Change

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course examines the basic concepts of weather and climate, such as structure of the atmosphere, ocean and atmospheric circulation, and latitudinal and seasonal changes in relationship to distribution of land and water bodies on Earth. Also considered are temporal changes in large-scale climatic phenomena, such as atmospheric carbon dioxide, glaciations, sea-level change, monsoons, impact of volcanoes, El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), greenhouse effect, stratospheric ozone depletion, desertification, as well as human impacts on climate.

NASE339 Weather and Climate

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course examines the fundamentals of meteorology, including solar and terrestrial radiation; temperature; air pressure; atmospheric moisture, stability and circulation; fronts and air masses; thunderstorms; tornadoes; hurricanes; floods and droughts; El Niño; and global warming. The goals of the course include the ability to read a weather map; understand the basis for five-day forecasts; and to be a better weather forecaster than the media stars on TV by simply using a barometer and cloud observations.

NASE341 Sports Physics

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Sports performance depends on both athlete and equipment; this course spends time examining both aspects. From the perspective of the athlete, body mechanics, as well as body type and physiology, can influence performance potential. With collisions being a major component of many sports, the course will explore how energy transformation and momentum transfer produce injuries. With advances in material science, the physical characteristics of sports equipment are also changing. The course will also investigate these changes, how they affect their respective games, and also how regulations have evolved to keep competitions “fair and even” as well as safe. The course presents relevant topics using labs, lecture, demonstrations, journal articles and analysis of video clips.

NASE342 Light and Color

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course explores the wave and ray nature of light, specifically how light interacts with various media and the resulting phenomena that are produced. The role of light and color in the media arts (shadows, photography, color printing, color temperature, lighting, etc.) is addressed by underlying principles and exploration. The anatomy and physiology of the human eye will be discussed, as will the role of technology in creating corrective optics. As specific topics are presented, connections to science, media arts and medicine will illustrate just how pervasive “light” is in all our lives. The course presents relevant topics using in-class activities, lecture, demonstrations, journal articles and video clips.

NASE344 Energy Alternatives

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course surveys the fundamental laws governing energy and energy sources – a subject of major international significance in today's worldwide economy. Applications of the production and uses of power sources, including fossil fuel, nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, solar energy, hydrodynamic resources, wind resources, biomass resources and geothermal reserves, are discussed. The practicality, availability and environmental impact of these energy alternatives, as well as the associated short, medium and long term, conservation strategies will be discussed.

NASE345 How Things Work: Consumer Product Science

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course introduces students to how scientific principles and concepts spur advances in the fields of technology and products. The course will be somewhat exploratory in nature and students will perform investigations via lab exercises and observations. Topics will be reinforced via lecture and readings from the text, in addition to in-class observations and analysis. The course topics will evolve with student interest.

NASE350 Industrial Ecology

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Industrial ecology examines the relationships between the production of material goods and the effect this process has on humans and the environment. The course systematically examine the practices of extraction, processing, production, distribution and consumption of goods by quantifying material and energy flows through every step of the cradle to grave process. Students will examine readings, case-studies and models to assess and develop an understanding of the complex balance between the Earth’s natural resources and satisfying human wants and needs. The course emphasizes that the solutions to global ecological sustainability are not found in the abandonment of technology, but through the embrace and proliferation of it. Specific topics covered in the course may include a survey of material flow analysis, life cycle assessment, energy policy, urban ecosystems, and the circular economy.

NASE363 Innovative Tech & Society

Note: Offered once per year.

Innovation in technology is an ever-changing, improving process. A look at the latest news cycle reveals an exciting frontier in technological development. Scientists and engineers harness advanced electronic, chemical, and mechanical properties to make revolutionary technologies. This course introduces students to principles, applications, and societal implications of a selected technology. Students will characterize types of technologies and strategies for fabricating and characterizing materials. In addition, students will evaluate current applications of innovative technologies in many topical areas. Finally, students will evaluate risks, intellectual property, ethical concerns, business implications, and regulatory issues of innovative technologies. Through structuring a business plan and “pitch” based on an innovative technology, students will demonstrate a viable consumer need, identify a target market, and explain how to operate and manage a technology-based business.

NASE364 Science of Sustainability

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course Examines the scientific basis for human development that provides people with a better life without sacrificing and/or depleting Earth's resources or causing environmental impacts that will undercut future generations. Examples of the Earth's resources to be studied include air, water, soil, forests, energy, minerals, fish, wildlife and agriculture. A service-learning project concerning conservation, recycling and reuse of everyday materials and products in the local area is a major component of the course.

NASE370 The Biological Fate of Drugs

Many of us do not hesitate to take Advil for a headache or Robitussin when we have a cough, yet we rarely think about what these drugs actually are. What is it in Advil that reduces pain? Which ingredient in Robitussin eases a cough? We take these drugs by mouth, yet their effects are noted throughout the body. This course will analyze how drugs taken by mouth are able to have these systemic, whole-body effects. First, we will look at what drugs actually are, and how their chemical structure will impact their ability cause a biological effect. Next, we will look at how drugs are formulated for dissemination and how the chemical principles that underlie these formulations influence the potential market for the drug. We will seek to understand the biological barriers that a drug molecule must overcome before being ‘available’ in the body. Students will use state-of-the-art software to design a novel drug using structure-based design principles.

NASE380 Science of Environmental Policy

National laws protecting the environment and governing the use, conservation and preservation of natural resources are partly based on current scientific understanding, but almost always affect the way businesses operate profoundly. The U.S. has a long history of attempting to balance economic growth with the preservation of the environment and human health by passing new laws and creating new regulations. This course will explore the science behind environmental and natural resource policy, from its historical roots to bills being debated in the U.S. Congress today. In addition to covering the role of science in the legislative process, specific topics will include major environmental laws and amendments, as well as proposals dealing with energy production and climate change.

NASE401 Directed Study in Natural and Applied Sciences

Prerequisite(s): Chair's permission

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

Directed Study topics must be submitted for approval by the instructor, chair and associate dean of Arts and Sciences.

NASE402 Seminar in Natural and Applied Sciences

Prerequisite(s): Chair's permission

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement. Not offered regularly. Check with department chair for availability.

The course permits small-group study of selected topics by advanced students. (May be repeated for credit.)

NASE403 Special Topics in Applied and Natural Sciences

Note: Instructor permission required.

This course examines a different theme or themes during each semester related to natural and applied sciences. Currently planned are topics related to the environment, sustainability, psychology and healthcare.

NASE415 Research in Natural and Applied Sciences

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC & Jr. standing. & Chair's permission

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course provides the student an opportunity to develop an independent research project on an environmental issue. In this hands-on experience, students will expand analytical and critical-thinking skills, writing ability and computer experience. Students will learn how to operate state-of-the-art laboratory and field equipment if appropriate to the project. Students are expected to exercise their own initiative in both planning the project and relating it to specific issues of environmental science.

NASE421 Internship in Natural and Applied Sciences

Prerequisite(s): Any NASC, Junior standing, 3.0 cumulative average, and Chairperson's permission

Note: Satisfies the MA/NS or Arts and Sciences elective requirement.

This course provides the students with an opportunity to gain on-the-job experience and apply scientific principles and concepts learned in the classroom to specific work environments. Students are required to attend pre-internship workshops sponsored by the Center for Career Services, meet regularly with a faculty advisor, keep weekly logs of activities, write a final paper or complete a special project, and provide an evaluation of the experience at the end of the internship.

PS210 Pioneers in Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements.

This course focuses on applied psychology. The following major perspectives of psychology will be investigated in the context of the dominant social and historical events and trends of the 20th century: functionalism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, humanism, cognitive psychology, evolutionary psychology, socio-cultural psychology and neuropsychology. Our scientific explanations and predictions about human behavior have been partly shaped by world wars, cold wars, culture wars, societal upheavals, scientific discoveries and information/communication technologies. In the end, we are still left with the question, "What is it that makes us uniquely human?"

PS230 Sports Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science and Arts and Sciences elective requirements

This course involves the study of athletes and sport using concepts and theories from psychology. Topics include the development, personality and emotional life of the athlete, as well as performance enhancement issues such as arousal regulation, attention, motivation, control of cognition, relaxation techniques, coaching and counseling. The course applies fundamental concepts of general psychology to the subspecialty of sports.

PS240 Child Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

This course focuses on the world of the child from birth through adolescence. Emphasis is placed on the sequence of development during this period. While normal developmental patterns and preventive aspects are central, the student investigates some areas of psychopathology, play therapy, familial influences and prenatal care.

PS252 Dynamics of Personality

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements.

This course investigates the development and stability of those traits and behaviors that remain fairly stable over time and make each human being unique. The biological and genetic inheritance of the individual is examined as it is shaped over time by various external and internal processes, including family dynamics, culture, social influence, individual self-concept and perception, and ongoing adjustment to situational challenges. Theories of personality are incorporated in a practical way to lend insight into the complexity of human uniqueness. The personality issues that influence behavior in the world of business, including cross-cultural sensitivity, achievement, entrepreneurship, relationship building and leadership, are explored.

PS266 Positive Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements.

This course focuses on the major theories and psychological principles of human adjustment across fthe life span, including self-concept, development, motivation, stress and anxiety. It also considers human values in relation to interpersonal relationships, and examines intellectual and emotional resources for personal change and growth.

PS275 Cross-Cultural Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements.

This course will examine the cultural similarities and differences of individuals and groups from various parts of the world in order to understand their behaviors, thoughts and feelings as they experience the world. Much of the information will be based on quantitative and qualitative research and anecdotal materials to assist the learning process. The following is among the many topics to be discussed: alternative conceptions of intelligence, female/male views on culture, individualism versus collectivism, worldview of lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals, nonverbal aspects of language, direct versus indirect communication, social consequences of bilingualism, common experiences of immigrants and refugees, overt versus covert racism, white privilege, racial identity development, causes of health disparities, and understanding culturally similar and different individuals.

PS298 Experimental course in PS

Experimental courses explore curriculum development, with specific content intended for evolution into a permanent course. A topic may be offered twice before it becomes a permanent course. Students may repeat experimental courses with a different topic for credit.

PS299 Experimental Course in PS

Experimental courses explore curriculum development, with specific content intended for evolution into a permanent course. A topic may be offered twice before it becomes a permanent course. Students may repeat experimental courses with a different topic for credit.

PS301 Special Topics in Psychology

This course examines a different theme or themes in each semester related to psychology. Topics may include healthcare, human and organizational behavior, and other topics selected by psychology faculty.

PS305 Environmental Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or A&S elective requirement.

This course will explore the rapidly growing field of environmental psychology focused on understanding the interactions between human behavior and both the natural and built environments. The American Psychological Association defines these fields as: "Natural Environment – environmental psychology explores human responses to natural and technological hazards, conservation psychology, and place preference. Built Environment – environmental psychology examines environmental perception and cognition, environmental design, city planning, sustainable development, and place preference in regard to man-made environments."

PS306 Behavioral Health: Natural Disaster Zones

This course will explore the behavioral health issues, proactive preparedness measures, intervention strategies and the associated implications for governing agencies, business, and the insurance industry. The course will introduce the unique behavioral trauma characteristics for children, adolescents, adults and the elderly. Concepts from social psychology will be applied to understanding community psychological identity disruption.

PS311 Social Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

This course investigates the shared human experience studying the impact of interaction with other individuals, groups and the social context upon individual thinking, emotions and behavior. It focuses on the application of social scientific research to practical situations, including social influence, interpersonal perception, attitude changes, persuasion and prejudice. The course content is also practically applied to relevant topics in the world of business, including leadership, influence, group and team interaction, consumer behavior and decision-making under conditions of uncertainty.

PS325 Cyber Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements.

This course examines the influences of information technology on human behavior. Current literature and the results of recent research will be analyzed to demonstrate these influences. Issues of interpersonal communication, personality, cognitive and social development, addiction and perceptual behavior will be addressed in depth.

PS328 Financial Psychology

Prerequisite(s): EC 111 and EC 112

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or A&S elective requirement.

This course will apply psychological concepts and theory to finance and economics. Topics such as behavioral theory, heuristics, trust formation, self-serving bias, risk and loss aversion, identity, herd behavior and emotion will be addressed. Case studies in personal finance, economic crisis, financial markets and public policy will serve as a vehicle to apply psychology. The study of contemporary research in behavioral economics will be presented.

PS333 Gender Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or A&S elective requirements.

The goals of this course are for students to gain a better understanding of the development of men and women, and the psychological issues involved in understanding the way they operate in the world today. The course will explore in some depth several theoretical stances of gender development and psychology; students will gain a better understanding of how that impacts upon them as men and women. This course will focus the common issues that come in the professional and personal life. The course will compare and contrast gender-influenced behavior between women and men. It will explore alternatives to the old problems between genders, and find new ways to deal with each other because of new levels of understanding the course will generate.

PS340 Health Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements

This course studies psychology as a health science. It examines the applications of the theories and methods of psychology to health care, health maintenance and health-related behaviors. Beginning with a formulation of mind and body as an integrated system rather than as two separate systems, it seeks to examine the role of behavior in the prevention, onset, and course of illness and disease. Many chronic illnesses are related to lifestyle, and current research in weight management and dietary change, smoking cessation, substance use and abuse and stress management will be examined. Applications of psychology in the treatment of many disorders, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, gastrointestinal disorders and chronic pain, will be presented. Ultimately, this course is about the empowerment of individuals to take charge of their own health status and wellness, and about some of the tools and strategies currently in use to accomplish this task.

PS341 Human Relations in Health Care

Prerequisite(s): Any 200 level or higher Psychology or Management class or GB 215

Note: This course has an embedded Service Learning component.

This course will acquaint students with theories that illuminate human relations patterns and practices in a wide variety of health care settings. Students will receive practice in the formal analysis of communication problems that manifest in pharmaceutical companies, HMOs, group practices and institutional settings. Participants will be taught to recognize elements of successful versus dysfunctional dynamics in healthcare organizations. An understanding of contemporary practices and trends in healthcare organizations will be provided. An introduction to interventions as well as methods of human relations training will be covered. This course will provide insight into using psychological theories and skills necessary for effective interpersonal relations among professionals in the healthcare industry. An emphasis will be placed on refining oral, written and visual presentation skills necessary for effective teamwork in healthcare organizations.

PS351 Nonverbal Behavior and Judging Others

How do we communicate nonverbally and how do we use nonverbal information to form impressions and make judgments of others? This course is designed to introduce students to the basics of nonverbal behavior and how it influences our interpersonal interactions. The course will introduce students to research on various nonverbal cues, including gesture, touch, gaze, appearance, and facial and vocal cues. In addition, making judgments of others based on their nonverbal behaviors is a ubiquitous part of our interpersonal interactions. The second half of the course will explore how we perceive others, with a particular emphasis on first impressions and the role of gender and culture in these perceptions. We will also debunk the myths of lie detection. Throughout the course, examples and activities will focus on the application of nonverbal behavior in healthcare and business settings.

PS380 Psychology of Self

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements.

This course is structured as an interactive, theme-oriented group class exploring life choices in the struggle toward personal autonomy. The topics include choosing a personal style of learning; reviewing childhood and adolescence and autonomy; maintaining a healthy body and wellness; managing stress; love, intimate relationships, gender roles and sexuality; work and relaxation; loneliness and solitude; death and loss; and choosing one's meaning in life. Student discussion is a must to explore the above topics.

PS388 Abnormal Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements.

Understanding human behavior and the human mind is an important part of life. One third of Americans have some kind of mental disorder and 15% have a major disorder. Managers spend up to 80% of their time communicating with others, so recognizing and understanding mental problems is essential. It is just as critical in our private lives. This course will introduce students to the study of abnormal human behavior. Topics covered include research methodology and experimental design, psychotherapy, developmental disorders, substance abuse, stress and health, sexual and gender disorders, schizophrenia, sleep and eating disorders, depression, disorders of personality and impulse control, and anxiety disorders such as obsessive compulsive disorder. Attention is paid to the way that disorders differ among various age groups, racial and ethnic categories, and across gender. Emphasis is placed on applying psychological concepts to everyday personal and interpersonal challenges.

PS401 Directed Study in Psychology

Prerequisite(s): Chairperson's permission

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements.

Directed Study topics must be submitted for approval by instructor, chair and associate dean of Arts and Sciences.

PS402 Seminar in Psychology

Note: Satisfies the Humanities/Social Science or Arts and Sciences elective requirements. Not offered regularly. Check with department chair for availability.

This course explores the full range of applications of behavioral strategies and techniques in health science and in maintaining healthy lifestyles. Mind-body interaction is presented as a unified system, with multiple surfaces of interface in both health and illness. The body is not a mechanical entity, but a system, in which thoughts, feelings, moods and actions have an impact on health status. These psychological factors impact the onset of some diseases, the course of many others and the management of most. In addition, lifestyle is often a contributor to the emergence of many chronic diseases. Health psychology seeks to study how interventions at the behavioral level can promote health and wellness, facilitate disease management and assist in reducing the costs of health care to society.

PS421 Internship in Psychology

Prerequisite(s): Junior-level standing, 3.0 cumulative average, and permission of liberal arts internship coordinator.

An internship provides students with an opportunity to gain on-the-job experience and apply principles and issues raised in the academic discipline to a work environment. Students are required to attend pre-internship workshops sponsored by the Center for Career Services, meet regularly with a faculty advisor, and develop a final paper or special project.